Research & Collections

Wayne Starnes: Publications

Studies/Manuscripts In Progress

Basic gathering of data, literature, etc. for a future book on fishes of North Carolina.

Investigation of taxonomic, distributional, and conservation status of a new catostomid species of the genus Moxostoma from the Cape Fear and Peedee river basins (with R.E. Jenkins).

Genetic investigations into the taxonomic status, relationships, and conservation units of the undescribed “Carolina Redhorse” (with M.E. Raley).

Occurrences and taxonomic status  of rare deepwater trichiurid fishes of the genus Evoxymetopon in continental waters of the United States, including North Carolina (with G.M Hogue & others).

Investigations into the distributional, conservation, and genetic status of rediscovered Bridle Shiner populations in North Carolina and Virginia.

Systematics of barbeled members of the cyprinid genus Cyprinella in the Carolinas (with R.L. Mayden and others).

Investigation of taxonomic status and potential hybrid zones in darters of the subgenus Boleosoma in the Tar and Neuse river systems (with M.E. Raley).

Investigation into the taxonomic status of minnows currently regarded as Notropis procne in North Carolina.

Systematics, relationships and biogeography of the Neotropical characiform fish family Parodontidae, including descriptions of new species (in part with C. Pavanelli).

A new taxon related to the cyprinid Lythrurus umbratilis from the upper Ouachita system, Arkansas and molecular investigations of the species complex (with H. Robison, S. Ark. Univ., and M.E. Raley).

Trans Atlantic genetic variation in priacanthids (with M.E. Raley).

Pre- and post dam removal studies on fish communities of the Deep River, North Carolina (with T.J. Kwak [NCSU], R.J. Heise [NCWRC], B.H. Tracy [NCDWQ] and others).

Nonindigenous fishes of the Pee Dee River Drainage in North Carolina with a case study of Northern Hogsucker (Hypentelium nigricans) and Striped Jumprock (Scartomyzon rupiscartes) and history of fish sampling in the basin (with B.H. Tracy and R.E. Jenkins)(draft manuscript completed, Feb. 2009).

Molecular systematics, distribution, and ecological studies of sirajo gobies (Sicydium spp.) in Puerto Rico (with T.J. Kwak, P. Cooney, G.M. Hogue, M.E. Raley).

Genetic identity of dwarfed, land-locked herring (Alosa spp.) populations in North Carolina (with M.E. Raley).

Taxonomic status of pricklenose silversides (Atherionidae) from Thailand (with W. Ivansoff).

In Press

Priacanthidae:  in Living Resources of the Eastern Central Atlantic.  UN FAO, Rome.

Fishes: in Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, U.S. Territories, and Canada (with R.C. Banks et al.).  U.S. Geological Survey. (proper scientific names and authorship and common names for approximately 1500 spp., as well as inclusive genera and families, as well as information on occurrence for continental U.S., including Alaska, Hawaii, Caribbean and Pacific territories, and Canada). 41 ms pp. (data based).

Published Works/Submitted Reports/Other Contributions

2012.—Iwatsuki, Y., T. Matsuda, and W.C. Starnes. A valid priacanthid species, Pristigenys refulgens (Valenciennes 1862), and a redescription of P. niphonia (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829) in the Indo-West Pacific (Perciformes: Priacanthidae).  Zootaxa 3206:41-57.

2012.—McCallister, C.T., W.C. Starnes, M.E. Raley, and H.W. Robison. Geographical distribution records of fishes of central and northern Arkansas.  Texas Journal of Science 62(4):271-280.

2012.—Tracy, B.H., F.C. Rohde, W.C. Starnes, and S.J. Fraley.  North Carolinas Imperiled Fish Fauna, Part VIII.  American Brook Lamprey, Lampetra appendix.  North Carolina Chapter American Fisheries Society Newsletter, June 2012:8-12.

2012.—Tracy, B.H., W.C. Starnes, and S.J. Fraley.  North Carolina’s Imperiled Fish Fauna, Part VII.  Sharpnose Darter, Percina oxyrhynchus.  North Carolina Chapter American Fisheries Society Newsletter, March 2012:8-10.

2011.—Starnes, W.C., J. Odenkirk, and M.J. Ashton. Update and analysis of fish occurrences in the lower Potomac River drainage in the vicinity of Plummers Island, Maryland – Contribution XXXI to the natural history of Plummers Island, Maryland.  Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 124(4):280-309.

2011.—Starnes, W.C., and G.M. Hogue.  Curation and databasing of voucher collections from the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission 1960s statewide surveys of fishes.  Final Report to North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission.  North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Raleigh.  1035 pp.

2011.—Starnes, W.C. Status survey for Bridle Shiner (Notropis bifrenatus) in Virginia.  Second Interim Report to Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fish.  North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Raleigh. 5 pp.

2011.—Tracy, B.H., and W.C. Starnes.  North Carolina’s imperiled fish fauna, Part VI.   Mountain Madtom, Noturus eleutherus.  North Carolina Chapter American Fisheries Society Newsletter, December 2011:17-20.

2011.—Tracy, B.H., and W.C. Starnes. North Carolina’s imperiled fish fauna, Part V. Banded Sculpin, Cottus carolinae.  North Carolina Chapter American Fisheries Society Newsletter, September 2011:4-9.

2011.—Tracy, B.H., and W.C. Starnes.  What happened to the Dusky Darter in North Carolina?  North Carolina Chapter American Fisheries Society Newsletter, March 2011:10-12.

2010.—Starnes, W.C., and B.H. Tracy.  North Carolina’s imperiled fish fauna, Part II.  North Carolina Chapter American Fisheries Society Newsletter, December 2010:12-14.

2010.—Starnes, W.C. Status survey for Bridle Shiner (Notropis bifrenatus) in Virginia.  First Interim Report to Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fish.  North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Raleigh. 3 pp.

2009.—Yamanoue, Y., G.D. Johnson, and W.C. Starnes.  Redescription of a poorly known acropomatid, Verilus sordidus Poey 1860, and comparison with Neoscombrops atlanticus Mochizuki and Sano 1984 (Teleostei: Perciformes).  Ichthyological Research 56:400-406.

2009.—McAllister, C.T., W.C. Starnes, H.W. Robison, R.E. Jenkins, and M.E. Raley.  Distribution of the Silver Redhorse, Moxostoma anisurum (Cypriniformes: Catostomidae), in Arkansas.  The Southwestern Naturalist 54(4);514-518.

2009.—Starnes, W.C., and G.M. Hogue.  Curation and databasing of voucher collections from North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission 1960s statewide surveys of fishes (Federal Aid in Fish and Wildlife Restoration Project F-14-R, Segment 1).  Interim report to North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission. 7 pp.

2008.—Beane, J.C., W.C. Starnes, S.J. Fraley, and L.A. Williams.  Necturus maculosus maculosus (Common Mudpuppy).  Herpetological Review 39(3):361 (new NC occurrence).

2007.—Starnes, W.C. & Scientific Council on Fishes.  Fishes, pp. 65-96, in: Invasive and exotic wildlife in North Carolina.  North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission, Raleigh.  148 pp.

2007.—Starnes, W.C.  Regional report, Region I—Northeast.  Proceedings of the Southeastern Fishes Council 49:16-21.

2007.—Starnes, W.C.  Book review:  Reproductive biology and early life history of fishes in the Ohio River drainage.  Vol. 5.  Journal of Integrative and Comparative Biology 47:795-798.

2005.—Starnes, W.C., and G.M. Hogue.  Investigations into potential fish hosts for the Carolina Heelsplitter Mussel (Lasmigona decorata).  Report to USFWS, Asheville. 29 pp. + appendices.

2005.—Starnes, W.C., R.E. Jenkins, and M.E. Raley.  Results of distributional surveys and preliminary genetic investigations for the Carolina Redhorse (Moxostoma sp.)—2nd interim report.  Report to Progress Energy Corporation, Raleigh, NC.  15 pp. + appendices.

2005.—Starnes, W.C. et al.  Revised status recommendations for jeopardized fish species in North Carolina.  Report to Nongame Advisory Committee of North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission.  26 pp.

2005.—Starnes, W.C.  Regional report, Region I—Northeast.  Proceedings of the Southeastern Fishes Council 48:9-14.

2004.—Raley, M.E., W.C. Starnes, and R.E. Jenkins. Distributional surveying and preliminary genetic investigation for the Carolina Redhorse (Moxostoma sp.). Abstracts, Conservation Genetics Workshop on Imperiled Freshwater Fishes and Mussels, Freshwater Mollusk Society and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Shephardstown, WV.  P. 84.

2004.—Starnes, W.C. Results of distributional surveys and preliminary genetic investigations for the Carolina Redhorse (Moxostoma sp.)—an interim report. Submitted to Progress Energy Corporation, New Hill, NC. 12 pp. + appendices.

2004.—Starnes, W.C., and M. Scott.  Regional report, Region I—Northeast.  Proceedings of the Southeastern Fishes Council 47:4-7.

2003.—Starnes, W.C.  Regional report, Region I—Northeast.  Proceedings of the Southeastern Fishes Council  45:12-14.

2002.—Starnes, W.C.  Priacanthidae, pp. 1379-1385 in K.E. Carpenter, ed., The living resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 3.  FAO of United Nations, Rome.

2002.—Starnes, W.C.  Current diversity, historical analysis, and biotic integrity of fishes in the lower Potomac basin in the vicinity of Plummers Island, Maryland—Contributions to the natural history of Plummers Island, Maryland XVII.  Proc.  Biol. Soc. Wash. 115:273-320.

2002.—Nelson, J.S., W.C. Starnes, and M.L. Warren.  A capital case for common names of species of fishes—a white crappie or a White Crappie.  Fisheries 27(7):31-33.

2002.—Starnes, W.C., G.M. Hogue, and M.E. Raley.  Investigations into potential fish hosts for the endangered Carolina Heelsplitter mussel (Lasmigona decorata), interim progress report.   Submitted to U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Asheville, NC.   11 pp. + appendices.

2002.—Cantrell, M. A., C. Goudreau, D. Hill, W.C. Starnes et al.  Target fish assemblages for aquatic restoration: an example from the lower Little Tennessee River.  Abstr. Sou. Div. Amer. Fish. Soc.   p. 45. 

2000—Warren, M.L.,W.C. Starnes, and several others.  Diversity, distribution, and conservation status of the native freshwater fishes of the southern United States.  Fisheries 25:7-29.

2000.—Starnes, W.C.  Priacanthidae, pp. 2590-2601 in: K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem, eds., The living resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol. 4.   FAO of United Nations, Rome.

2000—Starnes, W.C., A.E. Bogan, W. Gotch. 2000.  The North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences Hierarchical Drainage Database Draft I (complete hierarchical drainage data base for much of North America, including all of U.S., plus framework for rest of world).

1999.—Tyus, H.M., W.C. Starnes, C.A. Karp, and J. F. Saunders III. Effects of invasive tissue collection on rainbow trout, razorback sucker, and bonytail chub.  North Amer. J. Fish. Mgt. 19:848-855.

1998.—Starnes, W.C.  Fishes, in: ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System), web site (http://www.it is.usda.gov) (principal author and steward, along w/ B.B. Collette of NMFS Systematics Lab, a growing nomenclatural reference of thousands of fish names). 

1998.—Starnes, W.C., R.T. Bryant, and G.C. Greer.  Perilous experiment, the Asian Rice Eel in Georgia.  GA Wildlife, Apr. 1998.

1995.— Starnes, W.C. Gila Taxonomy Project: Results of Allozyme Investigations.  Report to Colorado River Recovery Program (July 2). 151 pp.

1995.—Starnes, W.C.  Colorado River Basin fishes.  pp. 149-152 in: LaRoe, E.T., et al., Our living resources: a report to the nation on the distribution, abundance, and health of U.S. plants, animals, and ecosystems.  U.S. Dept. Interior Nat. Biol. Serv., Washington, D.C.

1995.—Starnes, W.C. Priacanthidae, pp. 1405-1408 in: GUIA FAO para la identificacion de especies para los fines la pesca Pacifico Centro-Oriental.  FAO, Rome.

1995.—Starnes, W.C. Taxonomic validation for fish species on U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Category 2 species list.  Report to Nat. Biol. Surv. & U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 24 pp.

1993.—Etnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes. The Fishes of Tennessee.  Univ. Tenn. Press. 681 pp (plus 3 tables, 549 figs., 294 plates).  A comprehensive treatment of the identification, biology, systematics, distribution, and status of North America's most diverse state freshwater fauna (approx. 300 spp.).

1993.—Starnes, W.C., and I. Schindler.  1993.  Comments on the genus Apareiodon Eigenmann (Characiformes: Parodontidae) with the description of a new species from the Gran Sabana region of eastern Venezuela.  Copeia 1993(3): 754-762.

1991.—Etnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes.  An analysis of Tennessee's jeopardized fish species.  J. Tenn. Acad. Sci. 66:129-133. 

1991.—Warren, M.L., B.M. Burr, D.A. Etnier, and W.C. Starnes. Fishes of Kentucky and Tennessee: a hierarchical classification of drainages. J. Tenn. Acad. Sci. 66:135-140.

1991.—Starnes, W.C.  Gila Taxonomy Project: Non-lethal and conventional sampling protocols. Report to U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 20 pp.

1990.—Pinna, M.C.C. de, and W.C. Starnes.  A new genus and species of Sarcoglanidinae from the Rio Mamore, Amazon Basin, with comments on subfamilial phylogeny (Teleostei, Trichomycteridae). J. Zool. Lond. 222: 75-88.

1990.—Starnes, W.C.  Colorado River basin Gila Taxonomy Project: Review of existing information on taxonomy and distribution, activities of researchers, and collections resources.  Report to U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 117 pp.

1990.—Starnes, W.C.  Colorado River basin Gila Taxonomy Project: Management concerns, priority research needs, and proposed research plan. Report to U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 33 pp.

1988.—Starnes, W.C.  Revision, phylogeny and biogeographical comments on the circumtropical marine percoid family Priacanthidae. Bull. Marine Sci. 43(2): 117-203.

1988.—Starnes, W.C., and R.E. Jenkins.  A new cyprinid fish of the genus Phoxinus (Pisces: Cypriniformes) from the Tennessee River drainage with comments on relationships and  biogeography. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 101(3): 517-529.

1986.—Etnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes.  Etheostoma lynceum removed from synonomy of E. zonale (Pisces: Percidae). Copeia l986(3): 832–836.

l986.—Starnes, W.C., and D.A. Etnier.  Drainage evolution and fish biogeography of the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers drainage realm.  Chap. 10,  pp. 325–361 in:  C. H. Hocutt and E. O. Wiley eds.,  The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes.  Wiley–Interscience, N.Y.

1985.—Starnes, W.C., and J.G. Lundberg.  The freshwater fishes of Panama and biogeographic alternatives for the fish fauna of lower Central America.  Report to Nat. Geogr. Soc., Washington, DC.  78 pp.

1985.—Starnes, L.B., and W.C. Starnes.  Ecology and life history of the mountain madtom,  Noturus eleutherus (Pisces: Ictaluridae).  Amer. Midl. Nat. 114: 331–341.

1984.—Starnes, W.C. Priacanthidae, in: FAO identification manual for western Indian Ocean.  Vol. III.  UN FAO, Rome.

1982.—Starnes, W.C., and K. Mochizuki.  Occurrence of the percichthyid fish Neoscombrops pacificus near Samoa. Japan. J. Ich. 29(3): 295–297.

1982.—Starnes, W.C. Book review: The fishes of Ohio, by M.B. Trautman.  Ohio J. Sci. 82: 215–216.

1981.—Starnes, L.B., and W.C. Starnes. Biology of the blackside dace, Phoxinus cumberlandensis.  Amer. Midl. Nat. 106(2): 360–371.

1981.—Starnes, W.C. Priacanthidae,  in: FAO identification manual for the east central Atlantic.  Vol. III. UN FAO, Rome.

l980.—Starnes, W.C., and D.A. Etnier.  Fishes (134 pp.) in: Rare Vertebrates of Tennessee.  Tenn. Dept. Consv. Pub.

1980.—Joswiak, G.R., W.C. Starnes, and W.S. Moore. Karyotypes of Phoxinus.  Copeia 1980(4): 913–916.

1980.—Starnes, W.C. Species accounts for: Phoxinus cumberlandensis, P. erythrogaster, P. oreas, Etheostoma asprigene, E. inscriptum, E. swaini, E. swannanoa, E. thallasinum, in:  Lee, D.S. et al. (eds.), Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service—N.C. State Museum Pub.

1980.—Starnes, L.B., and W.C. Starnes.  Discovery of a new population of Pegias fabula (Lea) (Unionidae).  Nautilus 94(1): 5–6.

1979.—Starnes, W.C., and L.B. Starnes.  Taxonomic status of the percid fish Etheostoma nigrum susanae.  Copeia l979(3): 422–430.

1979.—Starnes, W.C., and L.B. Starnes.  Discovery of the percid genus Ammocrypta (Pisces) in the Appalachicola River drainage, Florida.  Fla. Scientist 42: 61–62.

1979.—Etnier, D.A., W.C. Starnes, and B.H. Bauer.  Whatever happened to the silvery minnow (Hybognathus nuchalis) in the Tennessee River.  Proc. SE Fishes Coun. 2(3): 1–3.

1979.—Bryant, R.T., B.H. Bauer, M.G. Ryon, and W.C. Starnes. Distributional notes on fishes of northern Georgia  with comments on the status of rare species.  Proc. SE Fishes Council 2(4): 1–4.

1978.—Starnes, W.C., and L.B. Starnes.  A new cyprinid of the genus Phoxinus endemic to the upper Cumberland River drainage. Copeia l978(3): 508–516.

l978.—Starnes, W.C., and L.B. Starnes.  Status report on a new and threatened species of Phoxinus from the upper Cumberland River drainage.  Proc. SE Fishes Coun. 2(2): 1–3.

1978.—Etnier, D.A., and W.C. Starnes.  Wildlife profile: snail darter (Percina tanasi). Tenn. Wildlife 1:24-25.

1977.—Starnes, W.C.  The ecology and life history of the endangered snail darter, Percina tanasi.  Tenn. Wldlf. Res. Agen. Tech. Rpt. 77–52.  143 pp. (=dissertation).

1977.—Starnes, W.C., D.A. Etnier, L.B. Starnes, and N.H.  Douglas.  Zoogeographic implications of the rediscovery of the percid genus Ammocrypta in the Tennessee River drainage. Copeia 1977(4): 783–786. 

1973.—Starnes, W.C.  Fish Fauna of the Hatchie River System, Mississippi and Tennessee.  M.S. Thesis, Univ. Tenn., Knoxville. 67 pp.