Eastern Tent Caterpillars
Have you noticed the silken tents in the branches of neighborhood fruit trees? These tents are the temporary homes of the Eastern Tent Caterpillars (Malacosoma americanum).
Did you know that these caterpillars are some of the earliest to become active in the spring? They are able to do this by relying on their tents as shelter during the cooler days of spring.
Why are they often found in fruit bearing trees? These caterpillars, like many others, are very picky eaters and will only eat the leaves of certain fruit and hardwood trees. They are most often found at Prairie Ridge in Black Cherry trees (Prunus serotina) and Bradford Pear trees (Pyrus calleryana).
How do they seem to follow each other? When the caterpillars leave the tent they do so en masse. As they travel they leave a pheromone trail. The caterpillars will then follow this pheromone trail to reach food more efficiently.
Do these caterpillars turn into butterflies? No, instead they pupate into moths. They will crawl on the ground away from the tent to find a good place to make a cocoon.
Do you have tent caterpillars in your neighborhood? If so, we would like to hear about them. We are measuring the size of our tent caterpillars here at Prairie Ridge. On Thursday, March 27 they were approximately 0.5 inches long. E-mail us the size of your caterpillars, date and time you measured them, and the city you live in.
Find out more about the natural happenings at Prairie Ridge at our What Time Is It In Nature Archive.